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The activities of the educators in Russia in the first half of the XVIII-th century

Today’s educational situation in Russia is characterized by active efforts of native teachers and officials to improve national educational system. Hence are numerous attempts of the creative rethinking of all those valuable successes, that had been reached by predecessors. In this regard, educational reform of the first quarter of the XVIII-th century is of considerable interest for modern educators. This reform was carried out by the Emperor Peter I and his associates. Peter I has undertaken a number of progressive steps in order to establish various types of schools in the cities as well as in provincial towns and villages. First libraries, typographies, Academy of sciences were established due to his decrees. The article presents the progressive educational efforts of the Bishop Lavrenty Gorka (1671-1733), the founder of the first Slav-Latin school in the town of Hlynov, in the Vyatka province. The article is aimed to show in what way the initial phase of the process of enlightenment in rural Russia was carried out. Much attention in the article is devoted to the characteristic of socio-political conditions which influenced the initial stage of the process of the enlightenment, and to the role of the Emperor Peter I in the process of education in Russia, as well as to the description of difficulties which the first educators had to overcome. The Vyatka province was a remote region of the Russian Empire in the XVIII-th century, and as well as all the other Russian regions of that time, it has suffered heavily from the illiteracy of its population. Gorka had to face a lot of difficulties: lack of textbooks, teachers, finance, facilities, etc. But the most difficult obstacle was the stubborn resistance of the local clergy; practically all the local priests were almost illiterate, and they didn’t want to get well educated young rivals. Gorka made straightforward preparations for opening the first school in the Vyatka province. He succeeded in inviting well-educated teachers to Hlynov. A school library was established. Gorka was successful in gathering 400 pupils. He paid much attention to the rational organization of the school routine. After his death the succeeding Vyatka Bishops Veniamin Sahnovsky, Varlaam Skamnizky and Antony Illiashevich promoted the development of education in Hlynov. These were the first educators of the Vyatka province.

Key words: The XVIII-th century, the Emperor Peter I, the Vyatka province, Lavrenty Gorka, the Hlynov Slav-Latin school

For Reference: Pomelov, V. B. (2020). The activities of the educators in Russia in the first half of the XVIII-th century. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 45 (3), 412-425. doi: 10.32744/pse.2020.3.30

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Information about the author:

Vladimir B. Pomelov (Russia, Kirov) - Professor, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy. Vyatka State University. E-mail: vladimirpomelov@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3813-7745

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