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The influence of a multicultural educational environment on the formation of the moral standing of students
Introduction. The modern educational environment in universities (including pedagogical ones) is both mono- and multicultural in nature, which involves students’ understanding of the unity and diversity of cultures. One of the conditions for the formation of individual moral position as an indicator of the spiritual-moral development of students – future teachers is the multicultural environment of a university.
The purpose of the article is to study the influence of the multicultural environment on the formation of students’ moral position in the context of intercultural interaction.
Materials and methods. The study involved two groups of students of the Voronezh State Pedagogical University (N = 95) in mono- and multicultural environments. A set of methods was used: “Diagnostics of Benevolence” questionnaire (according to the Campbell scale); value questionnaire by Schwartz; “Diagnostics of Individual Socio-Psychological Attitudes in the Motivational Sphere” by Potemkina; “Scale of Emotional Response” by Mehrabian and Epstein; “Questionnaire DUMEOLP – Diagnostics of the Level of Moral and Ethical Responsibility of the Personality” by Tymoshchuk. A statistical method – a nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test – was also used.
Results. It was shown that students studying in a multicultural environment have more developed indicators of moral position, such as emotional response (U = 74.88, p ≤ 0.01), the level of benevolence (U = 5.82, p ≤ 0.05), the value of universalism (U = 4.46, p ≤ 0.01), as well as a less pronounced focus on selfishness (U = 3.24, p ≤ 0.01). The organization of communication and the peculiarities of presenting educational information determine the level of intercultural dialogue and the formation of more pronounced indicators of moral position.
Conclusion. In accordance with the results obtained, it is proposed to create a program of psychological-pedagogical support for the formation of students’ moral position in the multicultural environment of a university.
Keywords: spiritual and moral development, moral position, multicultural environment, intercultural dialogue
For Reference: Trofimova, N. B., Stepanova, G. S., Zhukova, A. M., & Goncharenko, E. S. The influence of the multicultural educational environment on the formation of students’ moral position. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 50 (2), 365-377. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.2.25
Information about the authors:
Natalia B. Trofimova (Russia, Voronezh) - Professor, Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of General and Educational Psychology. Voronezh State Pedagogical University. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1690-4840. Reseacher ID: AAC-4417-2021 Galina S. Stepanova (Russia, Voronezh) - PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of General and Educational Psychology. Voronezh State Pedagogical University. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4848-9314. Reseacher ID: AAC-5356-2021 Annelia M. Zhukova (Russia, Voronezh) - Assistant at the Department of General and Educational Psychology. Voronezh State Pedagogical University. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4367-442X. Reseacher ID: AAC-1797-2021 Elena S. Goncharenko (Russia, Voronezh) - Senior Lecturer at the Department of General and Pedagogical Psychology. Voronezh State Pedagogical University. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1791-5189. Reseacher ID: AAC-5796-2021