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Modeling in the environment of three-dimensional graphics as a method of forming students’ critical thinking

The problem and the aim of the study. The formation of critical thinking is one of the most important tasks that teachers face in the vocational education system. The complexity, versatility of the studied objects, phenomena and processes of reality make it necessary for the mentors of the digital school to look for universal methods of cognition. The authors propose to use the modeling method in 3D graphics environments to form critical thinking as an important skill that meets the challenges of globalization and transformation.

Research methods. The main method is modeling, as a general scientific method for studying the phenomena of reality using the analogy between the model and the original. The research was carried out on the basis of Vyatka State University for students of the training programme 44.04.01 Pedagogical education, profile Informatization of Education (master degree level). A software tool for organizing modeling as a method of teaching and scientific cognition is SketchUp. The Pearson’s χ2 (chi-square) criterion was used as a method for statistical processing of the experimental data.

Results. The students of the experimental group used modeling in the environment of three-dimensional graphics at the following stages: acquiring theoretical information about the original object, creating a substitute model, developing a system of research problems, reflection, checking and adjusting the results in the conditions of the original object, the statement of a qualitatively new knowledge. The assessment of the levels of formation of critical thinking was carried out and statistically significant differences in the qualitative changes that occurred in the pedagogical system were revealed, χ2emp.2 > χ2crit0.05 (6.42 > 5.99).

In conclusion, the conditions under which three-dimensional modeling contributes to the development of basic properties that ensure the formation of critical thinking are generalized: application together with other methods of scientific knowledge; modeling not only in a software environment for creating a 3D project, but also developing an Instruction as a model for its practical application; obtaining qualitatively new knowledge, etc.

Keywords: scientific knowledge, 3D-project, model, critical thinking, in-demand professional of the future, digital economy, project

For Reference: Mamaeva, E. A., Isupova, N. I., Masharova, T. V., & Vekua, N. N. (2021). Modeling in the environment of three-dimensional graphics as a method of forming students’ critical thinking. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 50 (2), 431-446. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.2.30

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Information about the authors:

Ekaterina A. Mamaeva (Russia, Kirov) - Senior Lecturer, Department of Digital Technologies in Education. Vyatka State University. E-mail: mamaevakathy@gmail.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7721-8820 

Natalya I. Isupova (Russia, Kirov) - PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Digital Technologies in Education. Vyatka State University. E-mail: natalyisupova@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9889-445X

Tatyana V. Masharova (Russia, Moscow) - Professor, Doctor of Education, Professor, Department of Pedagogy, Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology of Education. Moscow City Pedagogical University. E-mail: mtv203@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5974-7748

Natalia N. Vekua (Russia, Sochi) - PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of History and Philology, Head of the Migrant Workers Testing Centre. Sochi Institute (branch) RUDN University. E-mail: vekua.natalya@yandex.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5659-5881

System analysis of digital economy virtualization processes

The virtualization of socio-economic processes is expressed in the development of various types of economic activities in the Internet computer network, acting as the infrastructure of the modern economic system, a catalyst for globalization processes, and the main means of communication between computers, information systems of various purposes and complexity, and people. The study of the theoretical and methodological problem of digital economy virtualization processes is due to the importance of determining the structure of virtualization as a set of interconnected industries, consumption, markets, and finance on the Internet. The elements of the system combine the types of economic activities, which include entrepreneurship on the Internet, as well as information and intellectual activities. The study of this problem was carried out using empirical methods of cognition of the structure of the system analysis of digital economy virtualization processes, along with the use of scientometric methods for reviewing the methodology of the educational process for training digital economy personnel and improving their qualifications as a precursor to the design of production processes, consumption, market and financial processes occurring in a digital environment.

The conducted studies make it possible to obtain scientific results in the field of structuring the socio-economic processes of virtualization, namely: a dichotomy of virtualization processes in the digital economy is proposed, taking into account the factor of education; the positive and negative consequences of virtualization for the economy and society as a whole are identified.

It was concluded in the course of the study that the system analysis of digital economy virtualization processes should be based on the development of the educational component and reflect the environment of virtualization processes, including digital platforms, which, first, form the global infrastructure of the world economy; second, they contribute to the development of entrepreneurship; third, they provide production, consumer, market and financial functions and corporate governance; fourth, they are a source of network externalities that create new social and economic problems. The prospect for further research is the development of a model for assessing the impact of the structure of virtualization processes on economic growth in the digital economy.

Keywords: digital economy, virtualization, system analysis, socio-economic processes

For Reference: Simchenko, N. A., Apatova, N. V., & Korolev, O. L. (2021). System analysis of digital economy virtualization processes. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 50 (2), 23-39. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.2.2

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Information about the authors:

Natalia A. Simchenko (Russia, Simferopol) - Professor, Doctor of Economics, Head of the Department of Economic Theory. V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University. E-mail: natalysimchenko@yandex.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8364-2313. Scopus ID: 36176174500. Researcher ID: AAA-1338-2020

Natalia V. Apatova (Russia, Simferopol) - Professor, Doctor of Economics, Head of the Department of Business Informatics. V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University. E-mail: apatova@list.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4066-3821. Scopus ID: 16418493500. Researcher ID: B-5353-2018

Oleg L. Korolev (Russia, Simferopol) - Associate Professor, PhD in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Business Informatics. V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University. E-mail: o.korolyov@cfuv.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8059-7702. Scopus ID: 572085552520 

Ecosystem designing for the development of universities in a digital environment

The digitalization of economic relations determines the particular importance of personnel training on a qualitatively new technological basis, which is inextricably linked with the study of the problem of ecosystem designing for the development of universities in a digital environment. The foundations of the systems theory, the theory of education economics, the methods of system analysis, factor analysis, and economic and mathematical modeling were used for studying the problem of ecosystem development for universities.

The conducted studies made it possible to obtain the following main research results: the ecosystem principles for organizing the provision of higher education services, representing the integrity of the university system based on network interactions of a set of various participants, as well as objects, projects, processes, and environments, were proposed. An approach to designing a strategy for the development of universities, based on the scenario forecasting of the receptivity of digital economy competencies by students, teachers, and partners of universities in the medium term, is proposed based on the organigram for the implementation of the project of matrix digital transformation of the adhocratic university hierarchy.

The conclusions stating that the design of the ecosystem of the development of universities should be aimed at the implementation of the social mission of the university in the region and the transformation of the ecosystem of the region as a whole are formulated. As prospects for further research, the study of the prerequisites for generating the effects of designing the development of a university ecosystem based on the network platform interaction of the economic agents of the region/territory, as well as the implementation of digital transformation projects of the university management system, is considered.

Keywords: system, ecosystem, digital economy, higher education, university, networking, effects

For Reference: Simchenko, N. A., & Berkovich, M. L. Ecosystem designing for the development of universities in a digital environment. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 49 (1), 491-505. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.1.34

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Information about the authors:

Natalia A. Simchenko (Russia, Maykop) - Professor, Doctor of Economics, Leading Researcher of the Department of Management and Regional Economics. Maikop State Technological University. E-mail: natalysimchenko@yandex.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8364-2313. Scopus ID: 36176174500. Researcher ID: AAA-1338-2020

Maxim L. Berkovich (Russia, Moscow) - Director of the training center. LLC "Mobile Electronic Education". E-mail: berk_ml@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8335-1820