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Linguosemiotic aspects of idiomatics: vectors of cognitive modeling and didactic perspectives

Introduction. The use of various types of models for solving linguodidactic problems as a crucial object of analysis in linguistics and linguodidactics is considered by modern scientists from various points of view. The aim of the study is to identify and substantiate the potential of cognitive modeling in the construction of an idealized cognitive model (using the example of a prototypical scenario of risk situation) and to analyze the didactic potential of cognitive modeling in order to optimize strategies for mastering a foreign language, in particular, phraseological corpus.

Materials and methods. The integration of theoretical and empirical components predetermined the methodology used, including the method of continuous sampling of material (French idioms of risk) from authentic sources, the method of interpretation, the method of comparative analysis.

Research results. A prototypical scenario of risk situation is proposed and formalized by means of an idealized cognitive model. Each subframe is illustrated by a cluster of relevant idioms, the list of which is open. The authors describe the idealized cognitive model of risk situation developed by them through the prism of its didactic potential. Using the example of a fragment of the corpus of French phraseology, it is shown that cognitive modeling contributes to optimization of the study of vocabulary, in particular, phraseology. The specific tasks proposed demonstrate the implementation of the constructive modeling functions of the suggested scheme with a focus on the correlation of the formal and substantive aspects of the language material.

Conclusion. The novelty of the proposed approach lies in the integration of the theoretical concept – the proposed idealized cognitive model – and the practical strategy of its application in linguodidactics and, in a broader perspective, in humanitarian education in general. The open nature of the model makes it possible to use it for other fragments of the lexical fund of both French and other foreign languages.

Keywords: idealized cognitive model, idiom, prototypical scenario, subframe, concept, linguodidactics, risk

For Reference: Efimova, N. N., Violina, M. I. (2022). Linguosemiotic aspects of idiomatics: vectors of cognitive modeling and didactic perspectives. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 58 (4), 266-280. doi: 10.32744/pse.2022.4.16

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Information about the authors:

Nadezhda N. Efimova (Russian Federation, Irkutsk) - Associate professor, Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages and Philosophy
Irkutsk scientific center. The Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. E-mail: caprico2009@yandex.ru

Marina I. Violina (Russian Federation, Irkutsk) - Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages and Philosophy. Irkutsk scientific center. The Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. E-mail: bordeaux99@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3143-2661

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