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The creative legacy of Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and his scientific and pedagogical ideas

Introduction. The study of Avicenna’s pedagogical heritage is relevant since it allows to form a scientific notation of the progressive experience level of teaching and upbringing in the conditions of the early Middle Ages, during the culture explosion in the East.

The purpose of this particular article is to consider Avicenna’s creative heritage and to give an overview of his scientific and pedagogical ideas.

Methods and materials. Avicenna’s works reflecting his pedagogical ideas, as well as the works of modern teachers, historians and philosophers were used while working with this article. Research methods: analysis, synthesis and historical and pedagogical interpretation of the data contained in the sources; systematization and generalization of materials obtained as a result of the study of open Internet sources and modern scientific academic literature.

Results. A lot of verdicts expressed by Ibn Sina in his various works are really striking in the matter of their depth, humanity, and correct approach to solving a number of educational issues. Ibn Sina demonstrates a real understanding of the children’s nature, not only as a physician, but also as a teacher. Also, he gives subtle and reasonable pieces of advice about education. At the same time, the scientist pays serious attention to the personality of the educator involved in the formation of the character of the future citizen. Avicenna’s pedagogical ideas were very progressive and could not be implemented in the conditions of his time, but they are successfully implemented today in many world countries.

Discussion and conclusion. Avicenna not only generalized the knowledge accumulated before his time, but also developed them in many ways, enriching them with the results of the thorough observations and researches, brought them into a single coherent system. The realization of the plans of the great scientist is the activity of numerous educational institutions engaged in the study of the physical education problems, represented in the younger generation, as well as the role of physical education and sports in the prevention of various diseases, etc.

Keywords: Ibn Sina, Avicenna, scientific point of view, scientific and pedagogical ideas, child upbringing, educational goals

For Reference: Tercan, N., & Nurysheva, G. (2022). The creative legacy of Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and his scientific and pedagogical ideas. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 55 (1), 552-560. doi: 10.32744/pse.2022.1.35

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Information about the authors:

Nurfer Tercan (Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty) - Department of Philosophy and Politic Science. Al-Fārābī Kazakh National University. E-mail: nurfer.tercan@gmail.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3482-4182

Gulzhikhan Nurysheva (Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty) - Department of Philosophy and Politic Science. Al-Fārābī Kazakh National University. E-mail: gulzhikhan-nurysheva@yandex.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6640-8111

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