Introduction. The relevance of the research topic lies in the possibility of using the axiological and didactic potential of the pedagogy of cooperation in modern domestic educational practice. The purpose of the article is to give a scientific assessment of the movement of innovative teachers that arose in the second half of the 1980s in the USSR on the wave of «perestroika» and the reform of the domestic general educational and vocational schools.
Materials and methods. The author uses an axiological approach that allows identifying the most valuable content in the studied phenomenon that can enter the main fund of science. Methods – a retrospective and comparative historical analysis of the works of innovative teachers, a method of analytical grouping of the studied material, as well as a historical and typological method that allows you to define the main content lines of the pedagogical phenomenon under consideration.
Results. The socio-political reasons that led to the emergence of the movement of innovative teachers in the 1980s are characterized. The most important of them were state resolutions that proclaimed the mandatory nature of general secondary education, which, in turn, stimulated the research search of the best teachers in the country in the direction of finding new forms and methods of educational practice. The main ideas of the pedagogy of cooperation are briefly described. These include the ideas of the content of the child’s personality and personal approach to him, the development of his creative and performing abilities, the ideas of a difficult goal, support in learning, quick assessment of student work, free choice of the type of task by the child. The innovative teachers attached great importance to the implementation in practice of their work of the ideas of «reincarnation of a child into a teacher», advance in the study of educational material, teaching in large blocks, as well as the ideas of the children’s half of the day, the selection of the appropriate form of the lesson, introspection, creating an intellectual background of the class, collective creative education, creative productive work, creative self-management, self-respect and self-regulation, the uniqueness of each child, teacher-student dialogue, cooperation with parents and colleagues.
Conclusion. The scientific and practical heritage of the founders of the pedagogy of cooperation is of considerable value for education and pedagogy, and deserves further study.
Keywords: teachers-innovators, «Teacher’s Newspaper», «Peredelkino manifesto», pedagogy of cooperation, Shatalov, Amonashvili, school reform, advanced pedagogical experience, innovation in pedagogy
For Reference: Pomelov, V. B. (2021). Pedagogy of cooperation of the 1980s as an innovative practice. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 53 (5), 620-630. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.5.42
Information about the author:
Vladimir B. Pomelov (Russia, Kirov) - Professor, Doctor of Pedagogy, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy of the Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology. Vyatka State University. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3813-7745. Scopus Author ID: 57200437621. ReseacherID: AAS-2608-2020