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Determining the integral coefficient of psychological comfort of rural school education

Significance of the study. The modern global digital world often represents a threat to human security which is directly associated with psychological comfort. In this context, the research aimed at assessing psychological comfort of the educational environment in rural schools seems to be particularly relevant. The objective of the study is to study the state of psychological comfort of education in a rural school.

Methods. The methods of theoretical content analysis, comparative analysis, methods of mathematical processing were used (calculations by formulas for the indicator of attitude to the educational environment, the index of satisfaction with the characteristics of the environment, the index of security in accordance with the method of I.A. Baeva), Google-forms. The Google survey involved 3223 respondents from 10 regions of the Russian Federation; meta-analysis of 217366 empirical facts was performed.

Research results. The main characteristic was the integral coefficient of the psychological comfort of education in rural school, which, according to the modernized methodology of I.A. Bayeva, is determined on the basis of three indicators. The integral coefficient of the psychological comfort of education in rural school was determined, which consisted of three indicators. The integral indicator of attitude to the educational environment is recorded as a percentage and is characterized by medium and high levels of satisfaction with the environment on the part of teachers, students and their parents (from 61% to 80%). The index of satisfaction with significant characteristics of the educational environment (an ordinal scale from 1 to 5 is used) shows that in 9 out of 10 regions a higher level of satisfaction was recorded for teachers and parents (high integral indicator – 3-3.9) compared with students (average integral indicator – 2-2.9). The index of psychological safety of the educational environment of school shows a higher degree of protection of parents (high integral indicator – 3-3.9) compared with children and teachers (integral indicator is below average – 1-1.9).

Research significance. The results obtained can be useful for heads of educational institutions, teachers and parents interested in creating and maintaining a psychologically comfortable environment in rural school.

Keywords: rural school, psychological comfort, rural school education, educational environment, integral coefficient of psychological comfort

For Reference: Korshunova, O. V., Baiborodova, L. V., & Bykova, S. S. (2021). Determining the integral coefficient of psychological comfort of rural school education. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 53 (5), 388-400. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.5.27

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Information about the authors:

Olga V. Korshunova (Russia, Kirov) - Doctor of Pedagogy, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy. Vyatka State University. E-mail: okorchun@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2693-0305

Lyudmila V. Baiborodova (Russia, Yaroslavl) - Professor, Doctor of Pedagogy. Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushinsky. E-mail: lvbai@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4440-5013

Svetlana S. Bykova (Russia, Kirov) - Associate Professor, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences. Vyatka State University. E-mail: usr11603@vyatsu.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2382-0496

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