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Axiological problematics in scientific and pedagogical research

Introduction. In modern pedagogy, research and thought on upbringing and personal development in a significant number of cases come to the problem of values such as identifying values in educational process, definition of basic values, forming values in an individual, etc. The purpose of the article is to analyze the specifics of pedagogical researches related to axiological aspects in education, to identify existing problems in the same studies and ways to overcome these problems.

Materials and methods. As basic research methods we used a literary review on the problem of values in philosophy and psychology, as well as a critical analysis of the problems of pedagogical researches related to values in education.

Results. The authors quite often demonstrate a lack of understanding of the scope and concepts related to value problems, inability to focus on concretization of values and, as a result, adequately construct a formative experiment that gives result appropriated to the set goal. Referred to the studies of philosophers and psychologists on problem of values, we have found various methodological approaches to understanding essence and meaning of those values, the need for a clear division of the concept «value» and the definition of generic and specific concepts, as well as its content. Using the example of identifying the concept of «Christian values» based on certain methodological positions, the authors demonstrate possible variants of values concretization when formulating topics of pedagogical studies for students of pedagogical universities.

Conclusions. The authors attract attention of researchers to the problem of the classification of values; identify and define such concepts as «values», «value orientations», «value ideas» of the individual; as well consider that it is possible for pedagogical studies, limited in time, to focus on the creation of the value perceptions of individuals.

Keywords: axiology, values, value orientations, value ideas, pedagogical research

For Reference: Divnogortceva, S. Yu., Atroschenko, S. A., & Zabegailova, I. V. (2021). Axiological problematics in scientific and pedagogical research. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 53 (5), 10-20. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.5.1

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Information about the authors:

Svetlana Yu. Divnogortseva (Russia, Moscow) - Associate Professor, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Head of Pedagogy Department. St. Tikhon Orthodox Humanitarian University | Professor, Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Vocational Education named after Academician of Russian Academy of Education V.A. Slastenin. Moscow State Pedagogical University. E-mail: sdivnogortseva@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4143-2614

Svetlana A. Atroshchenko (Russia, Arzamas) - Associate Professor, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of Physics and Mathematics Education Department. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod | 
Associate Professor, Department of Pedagogy. St. Tikhon Orthodox Humanitarian University. E-mail: atrochshenko_s@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9998-9423 

Irina V. Zabegaylova (Russia, Moscow) - Postgraduate student of the Department of Pedagogy. St. Tikhon Orthodox Humanitarian University | Senior Tutor. State Budgetary Educational Institution School № 2009. E-mail: zabegaylova@sch2009.net. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9617-8502

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