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Home based education programme for Orang Asli children: an analysis of their educational needs

Introduction. In realizing the vision “education for all”, the educational development of the Orang Asli children remains a great challenge. Although various initiatives have been implemented by the government of Malaysia, there are still high attrition rates among Orang Asli children in school. Instructional programmes and educational initiatives in schools have been designed for mainstream education and tend to disregard the traditional assimilation of the Orang Asli culture. This may be the reason for the rejection of the mainstream school system among the Orang Asli communities. This study purpose is to determine future allocation of resources compare with presently available to develop home based education program as an alternative education system for Orang Asli to meet their basic needs.

Methodology. A survey study has conducted among the Orang Asli community named Semai settled in Cameron highland, Pahang state of Peninsular of Malaysia. The questionnaire was distributed among 30 participants who are the parents and teachers from the Orang Asli community as well as teachers of the Orang Asli children from a district in Cameron Highlands; Pahang. Likert scale 5 has adopted to determine suitability of mainstream schooling; Forms of Alternative Education and Readiness of Orang Asli children comparing presently available resource with future needs to design the home based education program according to their needs.

Results and Findings. Respondents comprised of Orang Asli parents (50%) and teachers (50%) of Orang Asli children, majority respondents are the Orang Asli (56.7%) followed by Malay (33.3%). Suitability of mainstream schooling in the presently available resource shows (Mean=2.51, SD=0.70) shows not up to the standard or do not meet with the Orang Asli children schooling needs however, respondents has shown keen interest to improve for the future development where (Mean=4.27, SD=0.57). Alternative education in the present context showing (Mean=2.26, SD=0.74) where proposed for future showing (Mean=4.72, SD=0.92). Lastly, readiness of Orang Asli children in presently education shows (Mean=1.37, SD=0.83) while in the future propose model and readiness showing strongly agree (Mean=4.40, SD=0.68).

Conclusion. The findings indicate that there is a need for an alternative model of education. A home-based educational programme model is seen as a means to fulfil parents’ aspirations and ensure that the values, traditions, beliefs and cultural practices continue to be upheld and are eroded by mainstream education system.

Keywords: alternative education, home-based education programme, homeschooling, Orang Asli children’s education, needs analysis

For Reference: Abdul Rahman, M. N., Alias, N., DeWitt, D., & Idris, M. R. (2021). Home based education programme for Orang Asli children: an analysis of their educational needs. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 49 (1), 329-337. doi: 10.32744/pse.2021.1.23

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Information about the authors:

Mohd Nazri Abdul Rahman (Malaysia, Selangor) - PhD, Senior Lecturer. University of Malaya. E-mail: mohdnazri_ar@um.edu.my. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8207-1018

Dorothy DeWitt (Malaysia, Selangor) - PhD, Associate Professor. University of Malaya. E-mail: dorothy@um.edu.my ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3123-7150

Alias Norlidah (Malaysia, Selangor) - PhD, Associate Professor. University of Malaya. E-mail: drnorlidah@um.edu.my. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8299-2669

Muhammad Ridzuan Idris (Malaysia, Kelantan) - PhD, Senior Lecturer. Institut Pendidikan Guru (IPG) Kampus Kota Bharu. E-mail: wanidris1975@gmail.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7672-3497

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