Introduction. The themes of good and evil, familiarizing the younger generation with the universal values of Good, Truth, and Beauty have been in the focus of the world pedagogical and ethical thought since ancient times, but are especially relevant in the modern era of the postmodern discrediting of all standards. The research purpose is to form a more complete theoretical understanding of the problem of the formation of children’s moral culture in the light of the Christian-anthropological worldview and the patristic doctrine of virtues.
Materials and methods. The study was conducted using general scientific theoretical methods: hermeneutic analysis, generalization, synthesis, abstraction, induction and deduction, interpretation of results.
Results. As a result of the study, the following definition of the phenomenon of “moral culture” in the context of the Christian-anthropological worldview was given.
Moral culture is a system of moral and ethical guidelines and personality traits based on absolute moral values and Christian virtues: abstinence, chastity, mercy, meekness, joy, courage, humility, and love. Moral culture is manifested in the moral behavior and actions of a person and determined by the moral consciousness of an individual striving for self-improvement, heartfelt purity, and good deeds – through the feat of Christian life, overcoming vices and passions.
Researchers come to the conclusion that the highest Christian virtue – sacrificial love for God and people – is impossible without the virtue of humility, which is considered in moral theology as a measure of holiness, the foundation of the entire structure of a person’s spiritual and moral life.
Discussion and conclusion. Moral culture formation is of intimate and discrete nature, it continues throughout a person’s life, representing its highest goal and ideal. Morality cannot be formed, assimilated exclusively by external influence, it is based on the individual autonomy, the synergy of a person’s own efforts, and the action of Divine grace. Researchers conclude that moralization and moral terror are unacceptable in the formation of children’s moral culture.
The research results can be taken into account in the practical activities of teachers working in Orthodox general education and weekend schools, as well as in family education.
Keywords: moral culture, traditional values, Orthodoxy, anthropology, humility, love, perfection, virtue
For Reference: Berezina, T. I., Kameneva, O. L., & Fedorova, E. N. (2020). Children’s moral culture in the context of the Christian-anthropological worldview. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 48 (6), 55-66. doi: 10.32744/pse.2020.6.5
Information about the authors:
Tamara I. Berezina (Russia Moscow) - Professor, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Head of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Professional Education named after Academician of the Russian Academy of Education V.A. Slastenin. Moscow Pedagogical State University. E-mail: email@example.com Olga L. Kameneva (Russia Moscow) - Applicant for the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology. Academician of the Russian Academy of Education V.A. Slastenin. Moscow Pedagogical State University. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Elena N. Fedorova (Russia Moscow) - PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology named after V.I. Academician of the Russian Academy of Education V.A. Slastenin. Moscow Pedagogical State University. E-mail: email@example.com