Confronting current challenges, especially the COVID-19 pandemic, and striving to create a hopeful future – an era of life and active longevity – determine an urgent global need to implement the principles of humanity and create a new understanding of health and a healthy lifestyle, correlated with a fundamental respect for the dignity of life. Based on the idea of the relationship between health and a healthy lifestyle through the inherent value of the individual, embodying the intrinsic value of life, basic contradictions were identified: the contradiction between the understanding of health as a state of physical, mental, and social well-being and a healthy lifestyle, which focuses on the physical aspect of health, omitting the spiritual component; the contradiction between the numerous proposed strategies for a healthy lifestyle and the lack of a fundamental goal that expresses its value-semantic result. In the aspect of philosophical-methodological ideas about health and a healthy lifestyle, their essential binding element was defined – the good that embodies the result of the ultimate aspiration of a person. The resolution of the basic contradictions revealed in the analysis of philosophical-methodological ideas about health and a healthy lifestyle made it possible to present new, clearer definitions of health and a healthy lifestyle: health is a good that allows a person to embody the value of life in a specific reality; a healthy lifestyle is an individual way of life, which is based on a person’s respect for the dignity of life and creates a benefit to him/herself and others, gaining the joy of existence. A new concept of a healthy lifestyle was developed, which defined the joy of existence as its fundamental goal, implemented by a person through the creation of good for oneself and others in a system of socio-cultural and natural interaction based on respect for the dignity of life.
Keywords: definition of health, definition of a healthy lifestyle, strategies for a healthy lifestyle, the joy the of existence, life-creation, holistic approach, existential-humanistic approach
For Reference: Akimova, E. I., Madzhuga, A. G., Shurupova, R. V., & Bueverova, E. L. (2020). A new understanding of health and a healthy lifestyle: a holistic and existential-humanistic approach. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 47 (5), 10-21.doi: 10.32744/pse.2020.5.1
Information about the authors:
Ekatirina I. Akimova (Russia, Moscow) - Associate Professor, PhD in Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of General Hygiene. I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University). E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4910-0868 Anatoly G. Madzhuga (Russia, Sterlitamak) - Professor, Doctor of Pedagogy, Professor of the Department of Psychological and Pedagogical Education. Sterlitamak branch. Bashkir State University. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5482-9119. Scopus ID: 56195702600 Raisa V. Shurupova (Israel, Haifa) - Professor, Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Vice President for Relations with Scientific and Educational Organizations of Russia. Israel Independent Academy for the Development of Science. E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5548-6229 Elena L. Bueverova (Russia, Moscow) - PhD In Medical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Propedeutics of Internal Diseases. I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University). E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0700-9775. Scopus ID: 57189015546