In modern socio-economic conditions, the problem of desocialization of the individual as a process and the result of its development, which in some cases are destructive, is exacerbated. In situations of social and economic turbulence, a person is unprotected and unprepared to overcome difficulties. This requires an analysis and assessment of the causes of desocialization, clarification of its features in various age and social groups, determination of methods and forms of warning that can avoid the destructive consequences of this phenomenon, both for an individual and for society as a whole.
The main results of the study were obtained by observing, questioning and SWOT-analyzing the process of personality desocialization, its activity, identifying internal and external factors of its development, clarifying strengths and weaknesses, identifying development opportunities and risks.
The concept of desocialization of a personality is specified taking into account its social, personality, and activity characteristics as a process and result. As the grounds for desocialization of a person, social phenomena and personality problems are called leading to violations of the process of personality identification.
Three risk groups of desocialization are distinguished, in relation to the subjects of which features are identified and the stages of their desocialization are presented. The first group is adolescents and youth; the second group – persons with disabilities; the third group – persons of pre-retirement and retirement age. For each group, the desocialization prevention factors common to all risk groups are named, taking into account which the prevention of desocialization can be ensured – social, personal, value and activity factors.
The prevention of personality desocialization is considered as a process of ensuring the development of psychological components of the “I-sphere” of the personality. The main directions of preventing the desocialization of all three risk groups are identified: the formation of a self-esteem base based on personal identification and resolving the contradiction between the ideal and real «I»; the appeal of society to the individual, ensuring the personal orientation of all types of interaction between society and a person who is at risk of de-socialization; purposeful motivation and the formation of value orientations of a person in life and activity in modern society; the formation of the activity competencies of each person of all risk groups, ensuring their readiness for active creative activity of individual and social significance.
Key words: personality, socialization, desocialization, “I-sphere” components, personal identification, desocialization risk groups, desocialization factors, directions for preventing personality desocialization
For Reference: Belikov, V. A., Romanov, P. Yu., Valeev, A. S., & Grigoriev, E. N. (2020). Personal and activity bases personality desocialization warnings. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 46 (4), 299-314. doi: 10.32744/pse.2020.4.20
Information about the authors:
Vladimir A. Belikov (Russia, Sibai) - Professor, Doctor of Education, Senior researcher. Sibay Institute (branch) of Bashkir State University. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2228-5345. Scopus ID: 57209318829 Petr Yu. Romanov (Russia, Magnitogorsk) - Professor, Doctor of Education, Professor of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science Department. Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University. E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4645-5441. Scopus ID: 57201742896 Azat S. Valeev (Russia, Sibay) - Professor, Doctor of Education, Acting Director. Sibay Institute (branch) of Bashkir State University. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7973-2332. Scopus ID: 57211334531 Evgeny N. Grigoriev (Russia, Sibay) - Associate Professor, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Dean of the faculty of education. Sibay Institute (branch) of Bashkir State University. E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8808-3351