Introduction. The subject of research is the cultural-geographic image of a region, which is one of the basic notions of humanitarian geography. Humanitarian geography is an actively developing interdisciplinary scientific field, which studies the various methods of perception and interpretation of terrestrial spaces (continents, countries, landscapes etc.). Cultural-geographic images, defined as a sum of key perceptions of a geographic location, undergo modelling backed by various materials: literary texts, survey and questionnaire findings.
Materials and methods. The intent is to determine the stereotypical element of the cultural-geographical images of countries in the perception of a specific social group (Russian students) backed by the method of a free-association experiment. In order to reveal the possible dynamics that have occurred in the cultural-geographical perceptions of students over the last 30 years, the data from “Russian Associative Dictionary” under the editorship of Y.N. Karaulov (RAD) and the results of a free-association experiment, carried out among students of different universities of Saint-Petersburg in 2018-2019.
Results. In order to compare the associative potential of country denominations, the cores of their associative fields and main semantic directions of association have been identified. In the presence of some matches, significant changes in the content of directions of association as well as their presence/absence in the linguistic consciousness of students of different generations have been revealed.
Discussion and conclusions. The received results allow to conclude that transformation of the Russian culture into an “open type” culture changed cultural-geographic images of countries in the linguistic consciousness of Russian students: the directions of association connected with the most general “scholastic” perceptions as well as with the knowledge about history, geographical location, administrative arrangement of countries have become weaker, and have been replaced by specific, lively impressions that for the most part are of “touristic” and everyday life nature.
Key words: cultural-geographical image, humanitarian geography, cultural geography, metaphorical geography, stereotypes, associative potential, linguistic consciousness
For Reference: Vasileva, G. M., Vinogradova, M. V., & Miachina, V. W. (2019). The dynamics of cultural-geographic perceptions in the linguistic consciousness of Russian students (as exemplified by country images). Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 41 (5), 262-270. doi: 10.32744/pse.2019.5.19
Information about the authors:
Galina M. Vasileva (Russia, Saint-Petersburg) - Doctor of Philology, Professor of of the Department of intercultural communication. Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia. E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4169-0330 Marina V. Vinogradova (Russia, Saint-Petersburg) - PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of Higher School of International Educational Programs. Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7149-2549 Vlada W. Miachina (Russia, Saint-Petersburg) - Graduate student of the Department of intercultural communication. Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia. E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3879-0357