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Universalism versus professionalism as results of education

«The mind (talent, ability, etc.) is a natural status of a person, a norm, not an exception» (E. V. Ilienkov) – namely this kind of reflection of Russian philosophers, but with a question mark only, can be represented as some background and/or hypothesis of the present study of the results of education in a modern post-industrial society. Is the model of education proposed in the modern Russian pedagogy based on the competence approach a relevant, sufficient and viable basis for a “normative” type of the personality necessary for the society? The analysis of the ratio of universal and professional knowledge, universalism and professionalism in education was carried out using the philosophical paradigms of universality and discreteness, the Renaissance ideal of a many-sided person, as well as the ideas of a universal and distracted person. To solve this problem, we used the descriptive method, methods of analysis and synthesis in the formation of judgments; a sociological range of the methodology of the activity approach and concepts of social types of the personality. As a result, the need to bring the inner world of a person, the system of his knowledge and competencies in line with the increased consistency and complexity of the modern world is shown. It is proved that such an opportunity is provided by the system of anthropological foundations, traditions of fundamental nature and universality of the national pedagogy, and allows organically mastering the best achievements of the Western competence model of education.

Key words: universalism, professionalism, education, philosophy, pedagogy, competence approach, personality

For Reference: Lavrukhina, I. M., & Glushko, I. V. (2019). Universalism versus professionalism as results of education. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania – Perspectives of Science and Education, 41 (5), 10-19. doi: 10.32744/pse.2019.5.1

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Information about the authors:

Irina M. Lavrukhina (Russia, Zernograd) - Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Humanities and Foreign Languages. Azov-Black Sea Engineering Institute. Don State Agrarian University. E-mail: Lavruhina_i@inbox.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7631-7667

Irina V. Glushko (Russia, Zernograd) - Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Humanities and Foreign Languages. Azov-Black Sea Engineering Institute. Don State Agrarian University. E-mail: glu-ir@mail.ru. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0107-025X

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